History Of Indian Cinema, Birth and Eventful Journey of Bollywood Film Industry

Indian Film industry is quite old and it started in the year 1896 when the very first films by Lumiere Brothers were shot in Mumbai whose earlier name was Bombay.

During that time a still photographer named as Harishchandra  Sakharam Bhatavdekar was popularly known as Save Dada was so influenced by Lumiere Brothers that he ordered a camera from England and after that he started a new era of filming in India and he first shot the film 'The Wrestlers' at the Hanging Gardens in Mumbai in the year 1899 and it became the first motion picture in Indian Film Industry.

How Bollywood Started and Who Started?

It is well known to most of us that Dadasaheb Phalke is the father of Indian Cinema and he released the first ever full length cinema named as Raja Harishchandra in the year 1913 and this silent film was a huge blockbuster during that time.

Dadasaheb was a multitalented man with so many faces, he was a producer, director, writer, cameraman, make-up artist as well as editor and art-director.

After in India, Raja Harishchandra was screened in London in the year 1914. From 1913 to 1918, Dadasaheb made nearly 23 films but in the initial days the growth of Bollywood film industry was not fast as Hollywood but the results were excellent.

The good thing that India saw that after Dadasaheb, many new production houses started evolving in the early 1928s, during that time films based in mythological aspects were made but Indians too were watching Hollywood films.

How Movie Talkies In India Started?

In the year 1931, the first ever talkie film 'Alam Ara' was screened by Ardeshir Irani in Bombay and its is the first sound film of Bollywood film industry. 

The most important aspect of this growth is from the fact that in the year 1931, more than 328 films were made in comparision to 108 films in 1927 and during 1930s to 1940s many eminent personalities such as Debaki Bose, S.S. Vasan, Chetan Anand, Nitin Bose and many more emerged.

The boom in Bollywood came during 1950s to 1960s when some of the most noted actors like Guru Dutt, Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, Meena Kumari, Nargis, Nutan, Dev Anand, Madhubala, Waheeda Rehman to a name in few rose to fame and it is considered as the golden period of Indian cinema.
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